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Wednesday, February 8, 2023

Soaring metal costs hit South Korean shipbuilders’ turnround hopes

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Higher metal costs are set to delay South Korean shipbuilders’ return to profitability, regardless of surging orders and rising costs for brand spanking new container ships and gasoline tankers.

South Korea’s greatest producers are struggling to steer prospects who’ve already ordered vessels to pay extra due to greater costs for metal, which accounts for a few fifth of shipbuilding prices.

The Korean shipbuilders lately agreed to an eight per cent improve in metal plate costs, on high of a close to doubling within the worth over the previous two years, in accordance with an organization official and an business analyst.

“It is difficult to reflect higher steel prices in our previously signed deals although we can increase the prices for new contracts,” stated Korea Shipbuilding & Offshore Engineering, the world’s greatest shipbuilder by revenues.

Korea Shipbuilding, the dad or mum agency of Hyundai Heavy Industries, misplaced Won396bn ($313mn) within the first quarter and now not expects to return to profitability this 12 months. “So we’ve set provisions,” the corporate stated.

Other Korean shipbuilders additionally stay within the purple following a protracted business droop. Higher metal plate prices have been exacerbated by the battle in Ukraine, which has disrupted power markets and provide chains.

There are additionally considerations about whether or not Korean shipbuilders will finally be paid for $5.6bn of excellent orders from Russia. Daewoo Shipbuilding lately cancelled a Russian LNG order price Won338bn after the Russian buyer didn’t pay.

The South Korean shipbuilders have benefited from surging demand for liquefied pure gasoline tankers for the reason that starting of final 12 months. Orders for LNG tankers are anticipated to extend additional as European nations search to cut back dependence on gasoline piped from Russia due to the battle.

The massive three South Korean shipbuilders — Korea Shipbuilding, Daewoo Shipbuilding & Marine Engineering and Samsung Heavy Industries — are the dominant producers of LNG ships, controlling greater than 70 per cent of the worldwide market.

Large-size LNG provider orders jumped practically seven-fold within the first 4 months of this 12 months, with the Korean builders profitable 30 of a complete of 47 ships ordered, in accordance with shipbroker Clarksons.

The robust demand for LNG tankers helped Korea Shipbuilding to win orders price $10.3bn between the January and April interval, hitting practically 60 per cent of its annual goal. Daewoo Shipbuilding gained $4.6bn in orders in the identical 4 months, 52 per cent of its annual goal, whereas Samsung Heavy gained $2.2bn, 25 per cent of its goal.

Prices for constructing vessels have been rising for greater than a 12 months and are up greater than 26 per cent since November 2020 to the very best stage in nominal phrases in 13 years, in accordance with Clarksons.

But the three Korean shipbuilders in February reported $3.5bn in mixed working losses for final 12 months.

“The strong orders don’t get reflected immediately in their sales this year,” stated Chung Sung-yop, an analyst at Daiwa. “A turnround in the fourth quarter had been expected before but, because of higher material costs, they are likely to swing to profits next year.” 

The three massive South Korean builders try to renegotiate the phrases of the $19bn in whole preliminary orders for greater than 100 LNG carriers to be delivered by means of 2027 that they agreed with QatarEnergy in 2020.

“Their margins from the deal will certainly deteriorate due to higher material prices, as it won’t be easy to raise the contract prices,” stated Chung.

Lee Dong-heon, an analyst at Daishin Securities, stated Chinese and Japanese shipbuilders had been additionally affected by the excessive metal costs, which might “likely weigh on their earnings this year”. 

Additional reporting by Eri Sugiura in Tokyo and Xueqiao Wang in Shanghai

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