The search and rescue helicopter banks steeply over Dorset’s Jurassic shoreline, its downward-facing radar able to find a single person who could be misplaced, floating within the English Channel.
For this demonstration flight, the climate is ideal, however as Mark Burnand, chief take a look at pilot at Leonardo Helicopters explains, the AW101 is equally succesful in zero visibility, monitoring casualties in heavy seas lengthy after the human eye has misplaced them.
The AW101, or Merlin, is “a serious piece of kit”, stated Burnand, and one that’s fully designed, constructed and licensed in Leonardo’s manufacturing facility in Yeovil, Somerset.
But again on the bottom, Leonardo’s managing director Adam Clarke admits that as aerospace evolves into a brand new world of composite supplies and pilotless passenger craft, the massive problem might be to maintain it that manner.
“We can’t get enough people,” he stated, regardless of having over 130 apprentices. “We are recruiting people but they are retiring at the same rate. So we need to change how we do the recruiting.”
Leonardo, which sits within the west of England’s aerospace cluster that immediately employs some 37,000 individuals and generates an estimated £7bn a yr for the financial system, is much from alone.
An Institution of Engineering and Technology survey revealed final yr, discovered round half of engineering corporations stated that they had skilled difficulties with a scarcity of abilities, each inside their present workforce and within the wider labour market.
In 2019, even earlier than the ‘great retirement’ triggered by Covid-19 noticed a file variety of technically expert over-50s leaving the office, the commerce physique EngineeringUK forecast an annual shortfall of between 37,000 and 59,000 engineers graduating.
To assist slender that hole the federal government has ordered schools to have in mind the findings of its native abilities enchancment plans, drawn up by regional commerce teams, in order that programs higher match the wants of native business.
This is a welcome transfer in response to Matt Tudge, who as head of abilities planning at Business West, which revealed its LSIP final month, discovered that whereas bigger corporations had been capable of spend money on abilities, cash-strapped small and medium-sized companies had been discovering it more durable.
With lower than 10 per cent of UK graduates being engineers, in comparison with practically 25 per cent in Germany, in response to the OECD, British corporations are combating over a smaller expertise pool.
If the UK is to sort out its dearth of engineering abilities, Tudge added, it might want to shift cultural attitudes in the direction of technical abilities, that are extra revered in European nations like Germany and the Netherlands.
“People still think of engineering as dirt, spanners and grazing your knuckles under a car, but that is just no longer the case. We have to change perceptions,” added Tudge.
A current survey by EngineeringUK discovered there’s loads of work nonetheless to be achieved, with lower than 1 / 4 of 11-19 year-olds saying that they had heard about engineering careers from a careers adviser.
“A lot of young people aren’t being given the exposure to those opportunities in science and technology — they find out when it’s almost too late, when they’re at university,” stated Nicholas Davis, abilities supervisor on the Royal Aeronautical Society. “That’s where the problem starts and where it could be solved.”
Making engineering extra enticing to younger ladies — little over 12 per cent of engineering workers are ladies, in response to EngineeringUK — will even be a part of the answer.
Across the city at Yeovil College the place Leonardo trains a lot of its trainees, 18-year-old Cerys Flagg, a mechanical engineering apprentice, was one in all solely 4 ladies in her consumption of 34.
“When you’re at school you can do woodwork, but they have very limited resources, they don’t really promote engineering very much and say it’s a good job,” she stated. “And for girls it’s intimidating because it’s a male-dominated environment.”
Mark Bolton, principal of the school, stated that technical schools had been working to rebrand the engineering sector, deepening engagement with kids and liaising with business to establish the abilities of the long run, the place “hybrid engineers” will work not with hammers and wrenches however ‘cobots and robots’.
But after 20 years of real-terms cuts, he provides, funding in offering coaching stays key. “We are also facing a skills crunch,” he famous. “Our highest paid lecturer last March was earning £34,500 — that’s only £2,000 more than these kids will earn when they finish their four-year apprenticeships.”
Another piece of the puzzle, in response to Graham Herries, on the Institution of Engineering and Technology, is a disproportionate concentrate on conventional levels over different kinds of coaching.
“We’ve encouraged the university route but we don’t need everybody to have an engineering degree,” he stated. “We’re still woefully short across the board.”
The authorities has stated it’s investing an extra £3.8bn in abilities over the lifetime of this parliament, launching abilities boot camps, the multiply grownup numeracy scheme and a brand new T-level qualification to run alongside A-levels and generate “parity of esteem” for technical schooling.
But UK enterprise additionally wants to speculate extra, in response to the chancellor Rishi Sunak who stated in his annual CBI dinner speech in May that employers “spend just half the European average” coaching their workers.
Among Leonardo’s present crop of trainees there’s an acceptance that completely different routes can in the end result in the identical place.
Anthony Chiu, 20, attained 10 As and A*s at GCSE however didn’t apply to school, selecting as an alternative to start out instantly as a Leonardo apprentice.
After seven years, Chiu can have an engineering diploma and find yourself in a lot the identical place as a graduate entrant, simply with out the college money owed. “I always wanted a degree,” he says, “but I was attracted to the apprenticeships even though all my friends went off to uni.”
For Clarke, who has labored his manner up the corporate, there is no such thing as a magic bullet to handle the UK’s abilities deficit.
He advocates a three-legged strategy that mixes attracting science-qualified individuals again into engineering, entering into colleges early and broadening the strategy to incorporate ladies and people with wider aptitudes. “It’s not just about maths,” he stated.